Crocco, Margaret S., Nadia Pervez and Meredith Katz. “At the Crossroads of the World: Women of the Middle East.” The Social Studies, May/June 2009. P. 107-114. Reprint Permission granted by Taylor and Francis.
Margaret S. Crocco, Nadia Pervez, and Meredith Katz offer a brief introduction to the history of women of the Middle East, with a focus on three major religions (Judaism, Christianity, and Islam). This excerpted article asserts that schools are paying increased attention to teaching world history, but they are giving too little attention to incorporating women as part of world history. One of the major dividing lines within the Middle East has been religion, a fixed feature of the world history curriculum. The authors attempt to provide insights, based on new research about women in the region, into how religion and culture influence women’s lives in this area of the world. They conclude with a brief consideration of how women are organizing for change in the Middle East.
Yaghoobi, Claudia. “Shifting Sexual Ideology and Women’s Responses: Iran between 1850-2010”. Homa Hoodfar and Anissa Lucas-Helie, eds. Sexuality in Muslim Contexts: Restrictions and Resistance: Zed Books, 2012. P. 52-80. Reprint Permission granted by Zed Books.
This excerpt from Sexuality in Muslim Contexts: Restrictions and Resistance by Claudia Yaghoobi traces women’s activism and sexual movements in Iran from early-modern to modern period. It examines the collective and individual resistances of Iranian women and their responses to the challenges brought about by political and social changes. Some examples mentioned are the recent 2009 fraudulent presidential election.
Al-Nakib, Mai. “Disjunctive Synthesis: Deleuze and Arab Feminism”. Signs. Vol. 38, No. 2, Winter 2013. P. 459-482. Reprint Permission granted by University of Chicago Press.
The first part of this excerpted essay by Mai Al-Nakib examines the state of Arab feminisms today, identifying four main tendencies: Islamic, rights based, Foucauldian, and conservative (the latter specific to feminism in the Persian Gulf states). The second section explores just how viable and productive a disjunctive synthesis of Deleuze and Arab feminism might be at this juncture. The author contends that a number of Deleuzian’s insights—including his Spinozist conception of the body in terms of its affective capacities; his notions of active and passive affects, adequate and inadequate ideas, and images of thought; as 14 well as his understanding of ethology—can open up unexpected and useful feminist modalities otherwise absent or restricted by the exigencies of an Arabo-Islamic milieu. In the third and final section, Al-Nakib briefly outlines what effects such a project can have by analyzing the particular situation of women in the Gulf state of Kuwait through the lens of a recent political incident.
Hussein, Shereen and Jill Manthorpe. “Women from the Middle East and North Africa in Europe: Understanding their Marriage and Family Dynamics.” European Journal of Social Work 10.4, 2007. P. 465-480. Reprint Permission granted by Shereen Hussein.
The aim of this excerpted article by Shereen Hussein and Jill Manthrope is to assist the understanding of social workers in Europe of marriage and family dynamics among women from Middle East and North African countries who have moved to Europe. The focus of this article is on husband selection processes and family dynamics after marriage in Egypt, which is used as a case study reflecting culture and norms surrounding marriage in this region. The authors reflect issues surrounding values and process of marriage not only in terms of the implications for practice with social work clients or service users, but also in relation to the potential of women from this region who may join the social care workforce.
Moghadam, Valentine M. “Urbanization and Women’s Citizenship in the Middle East.” The Brown Journal of World Affairs 17.1, 2010. P. 19-34. Reprint Permission granted by Valentine M. Moghadam.
The objective of this excerpted article by Valentine Moghadam is to highlight the role of urbanization and its concomitants—in particular, education and the demographic transition—in women’s capacity to engage in collective action and to mobilize for full citizenship in the MENA region.
Amireh, Amal. “Activists, Lobbyists, and Suicide Bombers: Lesson from the Palestinian Women’s Movement”. Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa, and the Middle East 32.2, 2012. P. 437-446. Reprint Permission granted by Amal Amireh.
This excerpted conference paper by Amal Amireh examines the recent incidents in Palestine and the lack of collective or feminist response to any of these incidents. The author argues that this absence is the logical consequence of the recent history of Palestinian women’s movement – a movement that has consistently avoided engaging with three taboos in Palestinian political life: sexuality, militarization, and religion.
Schulz, Dorothea. “Dis/Embodying Authority: Female Radio ‘Preachers’ and the Ambivalences of Mass-Mediated Speech in Mali”. International Journal of Middle East Studies 44.1, Feb 2012. P. 23-43. Reprint Permission granted by Cambridge University Press.
This excerpted article by Dorothea Schulz explores how the introduction of sound reproduction technologies inflects what were previously considered authoritative, standardized, and gender-specific forms of religious leadership. This article examines how these changes affect in turn the gendered subjects of media practice.
Mojab, Shahrzad. “Introduction: Dissent: The Politics and Poetics of Women’s Resistance.” Comparative Studies of South Asia, Africa and the Middle East 32.2, 2012. P. 408-414. Reprint Permission granted by Duke University Press.
This piece is an excerpt of the opening address of the conference “Dissent: The Politics and Poetics of Women’s Resistance”, organized by the Women and Gender Studies Institute at the University of Toronto in Spring 2010. The piece by Shahrzad Mojab addresses questions pertinent to feminist resistance, its status, its history, its failures, its successes and its poetics.
Haddad, Yvonne Yazbeck, Jane I Smith, and Kathleen M. More. “Reclaiming Public Spaces”. Muslim Women in America: The Challenge of Islamic Identity Today. Oxford University Press, 2009. P. 121-142 Reprint Permission granted by Oxford University Press.
This excerpt from Muslim Women in America by Yvonne Yazbeck Haddad, Jane Smith, and Kathleen Moore examines the growing number of Muslim women in America participating actively in their communities and voicing their opinions in the public. These women participate through organizing study circles, Qur’an meetings, and various associations such as the KARAMAH.
Does Western culture show an accurate picture of women's lives in the Middle East? Do these women have no agency or individual and collective power in this region of the world? A new generation of Middle Eastern Muslim women thinkers and professionals who have entered western universities in the past two decades have tried to change this attitude. Although secular and Muslim feminist have different perspectives on the cause and solution for issues related to gender equality, there still exists many similarities. Researchers and activists are trying to show the "reality" of Middle Eastern women. Putting aside various points of view, as well as philosophy and history behind these two main branches of feminism in the Middle East, Issue #8 examines some of the studies and research on various problems related to Muslim women and the challenge of feminism in the Middle East is done.