Elsadda, Hoda. “Narrating the Arab Spring from Within.” Opendemocracy.net, 8 March 2012. Web.
Hoda Elsadda is an academic and women’s rights activist. She is a Professor of English and Comparative Literature at the University of Cairo. In her article, Elsadda explains the collaboration that many young people took part in during a 2011 conference held by Cairo University in order to share narratives and dialogue about the experiences of the Arab Spring. The article gives a brief overview of some of the contributors and their voices during this forum.

Kandiyoti, Deniz. “Disquiet and Dispair: The Gender Sub-texts of the Arab Spring” Opendemocracy.net, 26 June, 2012. Web.
Deniz Kandiyoti is Emeritus Professor of Development Studies at the School of Oriental and African Studies, University of London. In her article, Kandiyoti presents very important questions in relation to feminism in a post-revolutionary context. These are questions that the author explains must be read with a careful eye, as many of the newly reformed regimes, whether democratically or religiously motivated, often deal with women’s rights issues without much sensitivity to the actuality of women’s rights abuses and inequalities.

Al-Ali, Nadje. “Gendering the Arab Spring” in The Middle East Journal of Culture and Communications, 2012, pp 26-31. Brill Publishers. Al-Ali graduated is professor of Gender Studies and is chairing the Centre for Gender Studies at SOAS.
This article discusses the gendered implications of recent political developments in the region. Al-Ali argues that women and gender are key to both revolutionary and counter-revolutionary processes and developments, and not marginal to them. The author explores the significance of women’s involvement and the historical context of women’s participation in political transition. Al-Ali overall presents readers with the theoretical perspective that developments in the region point to the centrality of women and gender when it comes to constructing and controlling communities, whether they are ethnic, religious, or political.

Shehabi, Ala’a. “A Problematic Discourse: Who Speaks for Arab Women?” Opendemocracy.net, 17 December 2012. Web.
Dr Ala'a Shehabi is a Bahraini writer, researcher and pro-democracy activist, and currently a fellow for the Arab Council of Social Sciences. has a PhD in Economics from Imperial College London. Ala’a Shehabi in her article explains the basis behind her decision to challenge the assumptions and perceptions behind the “Arab Woman”. She presents the important question of who speaks of Arab women? and what that means for Arab women worldwide.

Ilkkaracan, Pinar . “The ‘Turkish Model’: For Whom?” Opendemocracy.net, 15 April 2012. Web.
Pinar Ilkkaracan is the co-founder of Women for Women's Human Rights (WWHR) in Turkey an adjunct Professor at Bogazici University, Istanbul. In her article, Ilkkaracan has a conversation with Deniz Kandiyoti about the Turkish model and the implications of this model as a standard for other countries in transition. Ilkkaracan, from the background of women’s rights and sexual liberties activism, explains that although the Turkish model is upheld as a positive scenario for democratization within an Islamic framework, much reform is still needed on behalf of Turkey’s approach to gender equality and the protection of women’s rights. 

Mir-Hosseini, Ziba. “Iranian Response to the ‘Arab Spring’: Appropriation and Contestation” Opendemocracy.net, 29 February 2012. Web.
Ziba Mir-Hosseini is a legal anthropologist and a founding member of Musawah Global Movement for Equality and Justice in the Muslim Family. In this article, she discusses with Deniz Kandiyoti how the Arab Spring translates into Iranian society, and what this means for the regime and the people, each respectively. Mir-Hosseini explains that as a response to the Arab Spring, the Iranian government attempted to appropriate these instances as a continuation of the 1979 Iranian Revolution.

Mhadhbi, Amira. “State Feminism in Tunisia: Reading Between the Lines” Opendemocracy.net, 7 November 2012. Web.
Amira Mhadhbi is a Tunisian feminist activist currently living in London. In this article, she follows the story of feminist course throughout Tunisia, from a Tunisian feminist’s perspective. She aims to unfold the reality of women’s rights and autonomy within the country, in contrast to the assumed “liberated status” that many outsiders perceive to be the actual situation. A majority of women in Tunisia still suffer from some variation of violence throughout their lifetime, and are subject to the political implementations of “feminist” rights.

Magdy, Zainab. "Undressing Um Ahmad: Egyptian Women between the Bikini and the Burquaa" Opendemocracy.net, 30 July 2012. Web.
Zainab Magdy is a native Egyptian. She has a degree in English literature, and is doing an MA in Performance Theory at Cairo University.In her article she confronts the issue of representation within the Egyptian society. The author works through her own perceptions and others perceptions of Egypt’s first lady, Um Ahmad, as she is chooses to be heavily veiled. The article not only explores the relationship between women’s choices and identities in Egypt, but also their symbolic nature as they are made to be objects and representations of Egypt.

Taher, Nadia. "We are not Women, We are Egyptians’: Spaces of Protest and Representation" Opendemocracy.net, 6 April 2012. Web.
Nadia Taher is a Development Anthropologist with expertise in the politics of development and gender in policy and planning. Her article aims to shed light on the potential of transformation and also the limitations that the Egyptian revolution has set forth, especially for women. These experiences throughout the revolution, Taher argues, is what have allowed many Egyptian women to re-define themselves and their identities as well. Not only was Tahrir Square a setting for protest, but it was also a community of national identity, even argued as a “non gendered space”.

Abbas, Sara. “The Revolution is Female: The Uprising of Women in the Arab World” Opendemocracy.net, 2 December 2012. Web.
Sara Abbas is a Sudanese-born freelance journalist and researcher. Her research focuses on women's pathwas into politics in her region. In her article, she gives a brief premise to the organization of four different women, from different Arab countries that decided to utilize the internet as a form of protest and representation of women that have experienced the Arab Spring. All of the women organizers explain to author Sara Abbas that their involvement in creating an online platform for Arab women stemmed from their own personal impact felt from the various feminist narratives of the Arab Spring.

Erturk, Yakin. “Turmoil in Syria: Failed ‘Arab Spring’ or Sectarian Nightmare?” Opendemocracy.net, 8 May 2012. Web.
Yakin Ertürk serves on the Council of Europe, Committee for the Prevention of Torture(CPT).and until recently Professor of Sociology at Middle East Technical University, Ankara, Turkey. She explains that although inspired by the Arab Spring, the protests in Syria have degenerated into overly militarized and especially violent for the Syrian civilians.Erturk’s voice in this article gives a brief but detailed view on the realities of the Syrian conflict on ground, and its perceptions throughout the world.

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